Psychiatrist Specialist. Dr. Tuba Erdogan gave information about the subject.
When it comes to panic attacks, certain definitions come to mind for most of us. It is easier to diagnose because of this reputation. However, less is known about what to do in the event of an attack or what to do to prevent it from happening again.
Briefly, panic attacks are defined as attacks of intense distress or anxiety that occur suddenly and recur from time to time, leaving people terrified. It usually becomes more severe and peaks within 10 minutes, often disappearing after 10-30 minutes.
PANIC ATTACK SYMPTOMS:
• Chest pain or chest tightness,
• Palpitations, sweating, shortness of breath, choking,
• Dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting
• Numbness or tingling
• Feeling yourself or others changed, strange and different
• Fear of losing control or going crazy
• Fear of death
Panic Disorder, on the other hand, is a mental disorder in which there are recurrent and unexpected panic attacks and a constant worry that there will be other panic attacks in the times between attacks, and some behavioral changes as a precaution against the attacks and possible bad consequences.
In the treatment of panic disorder, recovery is aimed with drug treatments and some therapy methods.
We see that the most important factor in drug treatment is the anxiety about drugs in this group of patients. This situation is actually understandable. Because the nature of the disease is the fear of something bad happening, it usually explains the expectation that the drug may harm the patient himself. At this point, the drugs should be explained to the patients thoroughly and their concerns should be relieved. This will increase patients’ compliance with treatment.
The other treatment method is cognitive behavioral methods. This treatment method has two purposes. It is aimed to inform the patient about the disease just like drug information, to correct his wrong information and beliefs, and to teach him to cope with these symptoms without fear.
Even explaining the anxiety disorder in a way that the patient can understand and explaining which symptom occurs and why it makes a serious progress.
The main methods in these therapies are to gradually compare the patient with places and situations that he avoids being alone because he is afraid of having a panic attack, and to support him with behavioral methods such as various practice assignments.
Similarly, relaxation exercises, breathing exercises, regular sleep eating patterns and sports activities are also recommended during the attack.
It is known that the best results are achieved with a combination of medication and therapy.
Finally, perhaps the most important thing for this disease, which is so widely known and talked about, is not to be a self-doctor and to get support when necessary.